October 30, 2020 – November 30, 2020
November 20, 2020 – November 20, 2020
November 28, 2020 – November 29, 2020
October 17, 2020 – October 25, 2020
June 11, 2020 – June 13, 2020
March 24, 2020 – March 26, 2020
January 25, 2020 – January 29, 2020
January 10, 2020 – January 12, 2020


Fashion’s Human Dimension

friends of light

By Daniëlle Bruggeman

Affirming a more ethical engagement with the material objects that surround our bodies necessarily entails doing more justice to fashion’s human dimension. An in-depth understanding of ‘embodiment’ is a necessary precondition when moving towards alternative systems. This also helps to acknowledge the ethical dimension of human subjective identity. We are all embodied subjects, and we have an embodied existence. Recognising this human dimension is also a process of acknowledging the agency of all people involved, doing justice to their active role of engagement and capacity to act. Dissolving the ego will acknowledge the subjective identities, physical bodies and, hence, the embodied existence of the human beings who make and/or wear clothes.


A focus on embodiment, as well as a deeper understanding of embodiment, is vital here. Embodiment can be understood as the lived experience of human beings. It is about living the body and experiencing who we are – and how we make sense of the world – through the 
body. This understanding of embodiment comes from the existential philosophical tradition of phenomenology, as famously discussed 
by Maurice Merleau-Ponty in Phenomenology of Perception (1945).


Golden Joinery, Saskia van Drimmelen and Margeet Sweerts, 2016


This phenomenological approach is important for fashion. While dress is an embodied practice (Entwistle 2000), the body is often used 
as a blank slate onto which visual concepts, idealisations of identity and conditioned forms of aesthetics are projected.2Often this does not acknowledge the human subject’s – for example the model’s – embodied experience. There is an urgency to restore the subjective and embodied dimension of all human beings involved in the fashion system. Many human beings and bodies are exploited as dehumanised, objectified and commodified instruments to produce fashion.


To redefine our relationship to fashion – through a critical fashion discourse and when developing alternative systems – the embodied dimension needs to be taken into account. An embodied approach is important to fashion because bodies matter (Butler 1993). And bodies – and diverse embodied subjects – need to matter more. Since bodies are continuously exploited beyond their human existence, the condition of embodiment is not self-evident. A genuine acknowledgment of human beings’ embodied existence often is a struggle since many bodies do not have a space or voice in the system. For that reason, embodiment highlights the ethical dimension of human subjectivity, which is at the core of reclaiming the human dimension of fashion. This is where agency comes in again, for all human beings who create, produce, make, design and wear fashion and clothing. Recognizing their active role of engagement and capacity to act opens up the possibility to start from alternative, human values.


friends of light


Working from alternative values, reclaiming fashion’s human dimension and thus highlighting the emotional value of material things are crucial for a critical fashion discourse, moving towards an alternative approach to fashion. This will also open up a deeper ethical and aesthetic dimension of fashion, which acknowledges the emotional bond between human subjects and material objects.


Flavia Aranha



Read more in Dissolving the Ego of Fashion: Engaging with Human Matters. Book available at


To know more about the mentioned works, please access, and




  • 1

    As Anne Hollander already pointed out in her renowned book Seeing through Clothes (1975), in the tradition of Western fashion, garments have primarily contributed to the making of an image of the self, ‘an image linked to all other imaginative and idealized visualizations of the human body’ (1988: xiv).


  • 2


    Butler, Judith (1990) Gender Trouble, London/ New york: Routledge.

    Entwistle, Joanne (2000) The Fashioned Body. Fashion, Dress and Modern Theory, Cambridge: Polity Press.


  • Human Values

DATE PUBLISHED July 25, 2018